Work-Energy relation for a rigid body

Work of a force: One calculates the work of a force on a rigid body exactly the same as one would calculate the work of a force for a particle. For a rigid body, the velocity used is the velocity of the particle on the rigid body that the force is applied on.

Power of a couple: The power of a couple M applied on a rigid body having an angular velocity of is given by

Work of a couple: The work of a couple is the integral of its power over a time.

Work of a couple in 2-D: The work of a couple applied on a rigid body in two-dimensional motion is

Kinetic energy of a rigid body: The kinetic energy of a rigid body can be evaluated from one of the following equations

Work-Energy relation: The work energy relation for a rigid body is given as

As for a particle, one can use the potential energy to calculate the work of conservative forces and use the alternate form of the work-energy relation given by

Potential energy: The potential energy for a constant gravitational acceleration is given by

where h is measured from a reference elevation to the center of mass of the rigid body.

The potential energy of a spring is calculated exactly the same as for a particle so that

where k is the spring constant, l is the current length, lo is the free length.

ã Mehrdad Negahban and the University of Nebraska, 1999-2002.

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Department of Engineering Mechanics, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588-0526