Work-Energy relation for a rigid body
Work of a force: One calculates the work of a force on a rigid body exactly the same as one would calculate the work of a force for a particle. For a rigid body, the velocity used is the velocity of the particle on the rigid body that the force is applied on.
Power of a couple: The power of a couple M applied on a rigid body having an angular velocity of is given by
Work of a couple: The work of a couple is the integral of its power over a time.
Work of a couple in 2-D: The work of a couple applied on a rigid body in two-dimensional motion is
Kinetic energy of a rigid body: The kinetic energy of a rigid body can be evaluated from one of the following equations
Work-Energy relation: The work energy relation for a rigid body is given as
As for a particle, one can use the potential energy to calculate the work of conservative forces and use the alternate form of the work-energy relation given by
Potential energy: The potential energy for a constant gravitational acceleration is given by
where h is measured from a reference elevation to the center of mass of the rigid body.
The potential energy of a spring is calculated exactly the same as for a particle so that
where k is the spring constant, l is the current length, lo is the free length.
ã Mehrdad Negahban and the University of Nebraska, 1999-2002.
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Department of Engineering Mechanics, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588-0526